Great Ocean Road

Economic Development Pillar

The Need

The National Heritage-listed Great Ocean Road is the critical underpinning infrastructure that supports the Great Ocean Road region’s $2.1 billion tourism industry. Stretching for 243 kilometres, the Great Ocean Road is one of the world’s iconic coastal drives, linking numerous tourism villages and destinations along the coast.

The road is also the focus of the region’s adventure tourism, including an extensive trails network.

The Great Ocean Road is a significant economic driver, not just to the G21 region but also to Victoria. Visitors access it from many locations including Avalon Airport, Princes and Hamilton highways and Queenscliff, via road, ferry and rail.

Project Aims

Maintaining the Great Ocean Road

Given the Great Ocean Road’s iconic status and economic importance, it is essential for the road to be appropriately maintained and developed to meet current and forecast usage.

State and federal governments have committed $153 million towards improving the quality and standard of the Great Ocean Road since 2013. This includes upgrading pavement, stabilising cliff and land slip sites, strengthening bridges, replacing guardrails and improving drainage assets.

While this much-needed funding was most welcome, on-going long-term funding commitments are necessary to maintain this vital economic asset for future generations.

Innovative infrastructure that creates a safe, sustainable and resilient future

A warming and drying climate increases vulnerability to bushfire in Victoria’s forested towns.

The ‘Gateway to the Otways Centre’ is a community-led initiative that will drive climate and economic adaptation, build resilience and recovery, while celebrating the unique and accessible beauty of the Otway Ranges.

It will create

  • A best-practice fire-adapted building, a place of last resort for residents and visitors unable to evacuate ahead of a bushfire event, co-located with a well-resourced CFA station.
  • An active social hub for residents and visitors creating a vibrant place to learn, share and connect year-round.
  • A research and education hub, focusing on knowledge generation and learning, and providing an ongoing revenue stream for the facility through partnerships, sponsorships, programs, conferences and events.
Building Visitation yield and creating Iconic Infrastructure

More than seven million people visit the Great Ocean Road each year – indeed, more overseas tourists visit the Great Ocean Road than the Great Barrier Reef. However, the yield from this high-level visitation is extremely low, with the average visitor spend at the 12 Apostles being just 17 cents.

Investment in destination infrastructure is essential along the Great Ocean Road in order to increase the economic yield of visitation.

Priorities for such infrastructure investment include:

Cape Otway Road Australia (CORA)

The $350 million Cape Otway Road Australia (CORA) will transform 240ha of land at Modewarre into a sport, leisure and tourism community, predicted to set a new global benchmark for sport and wellbeing.

The site would cater for nine of Australia’s 10 most popular sports with elite facilities, a sports science hub and wave pool, and include five-star accommodation, a retail village and a tourism precinct all less than 30 kilometres from the Great Ocean Road.

G21 provides in principle support to CORA as it moves through the planning approval process.

The Eden Project

The Eden Project, a UK-based educational and environmental charity and social enterprise is working with Alcoa on a concept for a world class eco-tourism attraction within Alcoa’s former mine site in Anglesea.

Set within the landscape of the Anglesea Heath, the Eden Project showcases a vision to transform an area within the former Alcoa coal mine into a destination for immersive education and experiences which celebrate the local ecology and tell a story of sustainability.

Initial projections show a world-class eco-tourism attraction of this type will support at least 300 full-time jobs and attract thousands of new visitors to Anglesea.

G21 provides in principle support to the Eden Project as it moves through the planning and rezoning approval process.

Fort Queenscliff Tourism Precinct

With its iconic location, rich history and heritage buildings and assets, Fort Queenscliff is ideally placed as a potential tourism destination of national significance.

The Fort Queenscliff Precinct Tourism Master Plan identifies how the Fort could attract visitors to Queenscliff, supporting businesses, strengthening the community and stimulating the economy.

The master plan outlines four core principles that underpin future planning and decision-making and incorporates seven projects that would activate the Fort with little or no impact upon existing operations.

Shipwreck Coast Master Plan

The Shipwreck Coast Master Plan has been developed for a 28 km stretch along the state's south-west coast, from Princetown to the Bay of Islands, which incorporates the Twelve Apostles, Port Campbell and the Blowhole.

Although not within the G21 region, the Shipwreck Coast is an integral part of the Great Ocean Road tourist experience. Any initiative to improve visitor experience along the Great Ocean Road will ultimately benefit the economy of the G21 region.

G21 supports implementation of the master plan, which calls for both public and private sector infrastructure upgrades.

Adventure Trails

A spectacular natural landscape, close proximity to Melbourne and strong population growth in areas such as Geelong and the Surf Coast, gives the G21 region a unique advantage to grow the ‘adventure tourism’ market.

The Growing Adventure Tourism initiative has a vision for the G21 region ‘to be recognised as Victoria’s premier trail destination with a range of trails and cycling touring routes that offer exceptional natural adventure experiences’.

This aligns with Victoria’s Trails Strategy 2014-24 vision for Victoria to be recognised as a leading trail-based destination.

Project Champions

Keith Baillie, Chief Executive Officer, Surf Coast Shire
Peter Brown, Chief Executive Officer, Colac Otway Shire

What has been committed

Maintenance of the Great Ocean Road

Federal and State Governments have committed $153 million:

  • $25 million each to upgrade the Great Ocean Road (2013, as a result of G21's OMGreatOceanRoad! campaign)
  • $25 million each for further upgrades (2016).

The State Government has committed:

  • $53 million for ongoing maintenance (2017); for resurfacing, stabilisation, signage and traffic management technology improvements
  • $9.8 million for upgrades to key hinterland connections; Birregurra-Forrest Road, Skenes Creek Road and Forrest-Apollo Bay Road.
Improving road safety

The Federal Government has committed:

  • $250,000 for a Road Safety Education Campaign to raise visiting driver awareness of key road safety issues.
Management of the Great Ocean Road

The State Government has committed to:

  • establish the Great Ocean Road Coast and Parks Authority, to deliver a more coordinated and sustainable approach to land and visitor management.
Iconic Infrastructure Opportunities

Shipwreck Coast Master Plan

The Federal Government has committed

  • $88.15 million towards the Shipwreck Coast Master Plan stage two implementation through the Geelong City Deal.

The State Government has committed

  • $9.8 million towards the Shipwreck Coast Master Plan stage two implementation
  • $20 million towards the Shipwreck Coast Master Plan stage two implementation through the Geelong City Deal.

Adventure Trails

The Federal Government has committed:

  • $5 million to design and implement the Great Ocean Walk stage one through the Geelong City Deal
  • $350,000 towards a feasibility study investigating the Great Ocean Walk stage two (linking Skenes Creek to the Surf Coast Walk) through the Geelong City Deal
  • $100,000 towards the Forrest Mountain Bike Trails Detailed Design Plan.

The State Government has committed:

  • $3.3 million towards the Regional Trails Master Plan and for initial trail planning and design
  • $3 million towards the Barwon River Parklands Partnership and Strategy development
  • $5.9 million towards the Great Ocean Walk
  • $500,000 towards stage one of the Forrest Mountain Bike Trails Revitalisation
  • $500,000 to upgrade the Three Trails Project
  • $300,000 towards the Surf Coast Walk, investigating the viability of a walking trail between Torquay and Apollo Bay
  • to help Barwon Water develop public parkland at Breakwater's heritage-listed ovoid sewer aqueduct.

What is required

A commitment by State and Federal governments to embed GROW training, employment and procurement principles in all government projects within the region.

Maintenance of the Great Ocean Road

A State and Federal Government commitment of

  • $20 million each annually over a four year period to maintain the Great Ocean Road as a vital economic asset. This would include stakeholder engagement and consultation to identify the issues that are important to the community, so that these can be addressed when maintenance activity is undertaken.
Innovative infrastructure that creates a safe, sustainable and resilient future

A State Government commitment of

  • $12 million to construct the Gateway to the Otways Centre, a co-located bushfire place of last resort with a CFA fire station, a research and education hub and community facilities.
Iconic Infrastructure Opportunities

Fort Queenscliff Tourism Precinct

Government support for implementation of the Fort Queenscliff Tourism Precinct Master Plan.

Shipwreck Coast Master Plan

Further government and private sector support for a staged sequence of upgrades as outlined in the Shipwreck Coast Master Plan.

Adventure Trails
A government commitment of $46.6 million for Years 1-4 critical works (see below figures for breakdown):

Critical works required for ‘Leading Trails’
Leading trails
Funding Required
Great Ocean Walk - Implementation $17.9 million
Surf Coast Walk - Planning and implementation $550,000
Surf Coast Walk - Extension from Fairhaven to Cumberland River $5 million
Forrest Mountain Bike Park - Master Plan implementation $3.25 million
You Yangs Mountain Bike Park - Entrance upgrade $600,000
$27.3 m
Critical works required for ‘Support Trails’
Support Trail
Barwon River Parklands $10.3 million
Walking the Painkalac $2.8 million
Geelong waterfront and connections $2.2 million
Anglesea Mountain Bike Hub $1.9 million
Old Beechy Rail Trail $1 million
Bellarine Rail Trail $660,000
Queenscliff to Barwon Heads Coastal Trail $210,000
Living Moorabool Trail $200,000
$19.3 million
$46.6 million